With spring right around the corner, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game is reminding people to give moose space as they come out of the woodwork.
Jacob Pelham, a wildlife biologist for the department, says it’s important to leave the animals alone as much as possible.
“The more we actually interfere or put our hands on them, their (chance of) survival goes down,” he says. “Take pictures, take videos, see them and love them from afar, but don’t intervene.”
Especially after the rough winter peninsula moose have endured this year, and with many females nearing the end of their pregnancies, the animals might be extra angsty.
“We are kind of at the point where they are cold, hungry and cranky,” he says.
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In the spring, the department gets the most calls about run-ins with moose. Given moose also want to take the path of least resistance, it can lead them to areas people frequent.
“When you have more harsh years like this, we tend to get more situations where the moose are coming in contact with people, whether it be just walking down the trail and the moose don’t want to get off the trail just like you don’t either,” he says.
There are ways to avoid potentially hazardous situations with the animals, however.
One of the most basic and important rules to abide by is to never feed moose. The animals, known as browsers, feed on bushes, small shrubs and trees primarily. One of the most nutritious meals for moose are the buds from birch and willow trees.
“As soon as we start feeding moose artificial foods or getting them accustomed to people, that’s when things go wrong,” Pelham says.
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In the rare instance a calf is orphaned, the department will contact an organization to rescue the little one and feed it electrolytes or a formula milk substitute, he says. Some rescued orphans spend their time at the Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center, for example.
Another frequent question Pelham gets is what to do if a moose can’t exit a roadway or driveway because the snow berms are too high. The answer: Try to clear a path for them to exit on packed-down ground.
“Especially people with property, I try to encourage them, if you have a snowmachine, put in some snow machine tracks through the woods,” Pelham says. “The moose will find that really easy to walk on.”
During calving season, coming up in May, it’s important to leave the moms and new babies alone.
Some may even give birth in residential neighbourhoods, which can cause conflict if people approach the animals.
“They can be pretty grumpy, whether it be the cows that are defending their calves or the moose that are just trying to hang on until the snow goes away,” Pelham says.
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